An exploratory study to assess the knowledge of quarantine and self-reported preventive practices for prevention of COVID 19 infection among the citizens of Pune city
Dr. Anita Y Nawale
Background: Lockdown, which one-third of the world has currently experienced, is nothing new. Lockdown is a form of quarantine, a practice used to try to stem the spread of disease for hundreds of years by controlling humans. They were particularly common in ports in the age of commerce and empire: when humans gathered and traded in new environments, diseases often flourished. An effective lockdown and quarantine regime could dent the impact of the corona virus (Covid-19) by 90 per cent, bringing it within manageable limits for India’s limited healthcare infrastructure.
Methods: In this study a quantitative approach with Non-experimental exploratory research design was used. The setting of the study was selected urban area of Pune city. Sample size was 200 adults. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used. Structured questionnaire and self-reported check list for practices were used for the data collection. Validity of the tool was done by experts and reliability was done by test-retest method. Reliability coefficient for knowledge questionnaire was 0.78 & for self-reported practices was 0.8, so tool was reliable. Pilot study was found feasible. The survey questionnaire was prepared in Google forms, which is easy to fill by the participants. The survey link was given to all the participants after their consent. Analysis was done by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: This study shows that 71.5% of participants were from the age group of 19 to 38 years, 62.5% were females, 40% were graduate, 45% were working and 51.5% were married. Out of 200, 196 participants had good knowledge about quarantine. Only 4 participants had average knowledge about quarantine. On an average 79% of participants had always practiced preventive measures. More than 85% of participants had used mask, washed hands frequently, used sanitizer to maintain the hand hygiene, did not visit the public places, minimize the visitors at home and maintained social distancing etc.
Conclusions: From the above findings, the researcher concluded that majority of participant that is 92% had good knowledge about quarantine and more than 79% had practices preventive measures to prevent COVID 19.
Dr. Anita Y Nawale. An exploratory study to assess the knowledge of quarantine and self-reported preventive practices for prevention of COVID 19 infection among the citizens of Pune city. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2023;5(2):61-65. DOI: 10.33545/26641658.2023.v5.i2a.149