Effect of education based on health belief model on women's attitudes toward cervical cancer screening
Asmaa Mustafa Fawzy Khalifa, Dr. Yosria El-Sayed Hossien, Dr. Ekhlass Mohammed Ibrahim and Dr. Reham Refat Taha
Background: In women under 45, cervical cancer is the second most common form of cancer worldwide, making it a significant public health concern worldwide.
Research Design: Quasi-experimental design (pre-test, post-test) was used to achieve the aim of this study.
Sample: A purposive sample of 100 women.
Data Collection Tool. Questionnaire (I): A structured interviewing questionnaire includes the socio-demographic characteristics of women.
(II): The Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and the Pap Smear Test.
Results: Before introducing the educational program, 38% of the participant women had a negative attitude regarding cervical cancer, and screening improved to 18% post-implementation. Also, 62% of the participant women who had positive attitudes before implementing the educational program increased to 82% regarding cervical cancer screening after implementation. Likewise, 45% of the participant women had good beliefs regarding cervical cancer, and screening before implementing the educational program improved to 90% of them after implementation.
Conclusion: Providing health education to women based on the principles of the health belief model can positively affect women's beliefs and attitudes toward Cervical Cancer Screening.
Recommendation: Periodically enhancing women to perform cervical cancer screening guided by health belief model principles.
Asmaa Mustafa Fawzy Khalifa, Dr. Yosria El-Sayed Hossien, Dr. Ekhlass Mohammed Ibrahim, Dr. Reham Refat Taha. Effect of education based on health belief model on women's attitudes toward cervical cancer screening. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2023;5(2):35-45. DOI: 10.33545/26641658.2023.v5.i2a.145