Assessment of psychological and social status among geriatric people
Dhafer Ameen Jabbar Al-Mossawy, Hussein Mansour Ali Al-Tameemi and Murtadha Kanim Adea Al-Jeborry
The world's population is aging rapidly, and it is estimated that the proportion of older people in the world will double from about 12% to 22%. Older adults face special physical and mental challenges that must be recognized. More than 20% of adults aged 60 years and over have a psychiatric or neurological disorder (excluding headache disorders) and that these disorders are in the elderly population with disabilities.
A purposeful, non-probability sample of (201) elderly people of the age group (60 years -80 and above) was selected from the nursing home and social care in Najaf.
Data were collected through the use of the constructed questionnaire and the process of the self- administrative report for each caregiver as a mean of data collection methods, by using the Arabic version of the questionnaire. The caregivers were gathered in one place and the purpose of the study was explained a verbal consent to participation was obtained.
The questionnaire consisted of three parts. The first part concerns demographic characteristics. The second part relates: -: The psychological state scale that consists of (21) items: relaxation, thirst, feelings, shortness of breath, difficulty of activity, reactions, trembling hands, tension, shyness in excessive stress, preoccupation, and mental state. The third part relates to: The Daily Activities and Self-Care Scale which consists of (14) items: clothing, nutrition, toilet, hygiene, transportation, bathing, phone use, shopping, food preparation, housework, washing clothes, taking medicines and money.
Results: 59.2% of the elderly are males and the rest are females. The highest percentage appears in the age group 60-69 years between 39.3%. Marital status indicates that 33.3% of them are married and 29.4% of them are widows and widows. The highest percentage in education to 36.3% of those who read and write. And monthly income barely indicates enough among 44.8% of them.
The study recommended is necessary to recognize the symptoms of depression in older people as soon as possible, cause it can have negative implications on the mental health and self-esteem of older people, especially those living in nursing home. The strategy of humanization in nursing care for older people should be applied equally in NHs and community-dwelling states. This would reduce the incidence of mental disorders and positively impact the aging process.
Dhafer Ameen Jabbar Al-Mossawy, Hussein Mansour Ali Al-Tameemi, Murtadha Kanim Adea Al-Jeborry. Assessment of psychological and social status among geriatric people. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2023;5(1):97-106. DOI: 10.33545/26641658.2023.v5.i1b.134