Assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge, attitude and practices regarding preventive measures among solid waste collectors
Solid waste collectors are exposed to occupational health and accident risks related to the content of the materials they handled, emissions from those materials, and the equipment‘s being used. Several studies have reported that Solid waste collectors have got the high risk of occupational health hazards. The important morbidity that has been commonly observed among workers is respiratory diseases, eye diseases, dermatological problems, nail infections, musculoskeletal morbidities and water-borne diseases. The most common health problem investigated among this working group includes respiratory symptoms, irritation of the skin, nose, and eyes, gastrointestinal problems, fatigue, headache, allergies, musculoskeletal and injury, risks such as strains to sprains, confusions, fractures, and lacerations.
Methodology: Research approach used in this study was evaluatory approach. Pre experimental one group pre-test post-test research design was adapted. The sample was solid waste collectors who fulfilled inclusion criteria selected by using non probability convenient sampling technique. The study was conducted in selected Municipal Corporations. The researcher used semi structured questionnaire to assess knowledge, modified attitude scale to assess attitude and observational checklist to assess practices of solid waste collectors. The data was analysed in terms of the objective and hypothesis using SPSS format.
Result: Wilcoxon Signed rank Test value for knowledge is 6.757 which is statistically significant at 5% level of significance. Wilcoxon Signed rank Test value for attitude is 6.597 which is statistically significant at 5% level of significance. Wilcoxon Signed rank Test value for practices is 6.897 which is statistically significant at 5% level of significance. The calculated value was statistically significant at 5% level of significance. Hence the null hypothesis is rejected which shows that structured teaching program is effective.
Conclusion: This study emphasized on preventive measures. Structured teaching program on preventive measures found effective to increase the level of knowledge, change to favourable attitude and follow preventive practices of solid waste collectors. This study helps to improve their health status.
Supriya Batwalkar. Assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge, attitude and practices regarding preventive measures among solid waste collectors. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2023;5(1):49-57. DOI: 10.33545/26641658.2023.v5.i1a.132