International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing
2022, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part B
Effectiveness of counseling in reducing stress and improving self esteem of women during menopausal period in selected villages at Sivagangai district
Dr. Shaberabanu M and Dr. Angela Gnanadurai
Women are the vital setup and heart of the family when women have been tired family would be altered. When a women’s hormone balance begins to shift, she may have menstrual cycles with no ovulation. She may begin to have menopausal symptoms. During menopausal transition, oestrogen levels drop because the ovaries ability to produce enough oestrogen has weakened. Many physiological and psychological symptoms appear in the women’s body during this transition which affects women’s health. Many women experience stress during this period. Self-esteem plays crucial role during this stage. The aim of this study is to reduce the level of stress and to improve the level of self-esteem by counseling among menopausal women.
Objectives: To determine the level of stress and self-esteem during pre and post test among control and interventional group of menopausal women. To evaluate the effectiveness of menopausal counseling on the level of stress and self esteem among menopausal women-To correlate the level of post test stress and self esteem among menopausal women. -To find out the association between the level of pre test stress and self esteem with socio demographic and clinical variables.
Methodology: Experimental design was adapted. The study Population comprised of women between the age group 40 to 55 years. Menopausal women were identified by scores obtained by screening tool. The sample size was 322 (162 in control group, 160 interventional group) their level of stress and self esteem were assessed by perceived stress scale and self esteem scale. Counseling was given individually to the interventional group. And post assessment on the level of menopausal stress and self esteem was done for both groups. The obtained data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Posttest stress score with obtained over all ‘t’ value 7.72was greater than statistical table value and ‘p’ value was 0.001 level. Thus it refers that he interventional group had higher score as compared to control group. Regarding self esteem post test self esteem score with obtained overall‘t’value23.56was greater than statistical table value and ‘p’ value was 0.001 level. Thus it refers that the interventional group had higher score as compared to control group. These findings proved that a significant reduction in level of stress and significant improvement in the level of self esteem among interventional groups than control group.
Conclusion: The respondents self esteem were high when stress became low. So it is concluded that menopausal counseling is an effective intervention to reduce Stress and improve self-esteem of the respondents.
Dr. Shaberabanu M, Dr. Angela Gnanadurai. Effectiveness of counseling in reducing stress and improving self esteem of women during menopausal period in selected villages at Sivagangai district. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2022;4(2):73-76.