Knowledge and attitude of rural people regarding prevention and management of dengue fever
Praveena Kumar Koti and Meenaxi R Devangmath
Background: Increasing numbers of dengue cases and fatalities are being reported in multiple urban and rural settings in India. These rapidly advancing dengue outbreaks result in severe disease that constitutes a leading cause of hospital admissions, with high case fatality rates. Furthermore, they place tremendous pressure on healthcare resources and have a heavy effect on society.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude of rural people regarding prevention and management of dengue fever and to find an association between pretest level of knowledge and attitude regarding prevention and management of dengue fever with their selected socio demographic variables.
Methodology: A quantitative approach with exploratory descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The samples from the selected rural areas of Belagavi district were selected using convenient sampling technique. The sample consisted of 60 rural people. The tools used for data collection was knowledge questionnaire and structured attitude scale.
Results: The study result reveal that, the participant’s knowledge mean was 26.08, median was 26, mode was 28 with standard deviation 2.71 and score range was 21-33. Majority 42(70%) of participants were had moderate level of knowledge, 13(21.7%) of participants were had poor level of knowledge and remaining 5(8.3%) of participants were had good level of knowledge. With respect to attitude of the participants mean was 82.46, median was 82, mode was 65 with standard deviation 16.76 and score range was 52-115. Majority 43(71.66%) of participants were had favorable attitude, 9(15%) of participants were had non favorable attitude and remaining 8(13.3%) of participants were had positive attitude. The association between levels of knowledge of participants regarding prevention and management of dengue fever is found to be statistically significant at 0.05 levels for participant’s sources of knowledge.
Conclusion: There is a need for the education for the rural population for the prevention and effective management of vector borne diseases like dengue fever.