Knowledge and practice of immediate newborn care among student nurses in labour room of selected hospital, Sikkim
Curie Tali, Arkierupaia Shadap and Binita Khati
Neonatal period is the most sensitive period and it is the period that has an impact on the child's survival according to GHO data. The proper care of a newborn after birth is vital for the survival of newborn. The present research study assessed the knowledge and the practice of immediate newborn care among 40 nursing students in the labor room of the selected hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim. It was also to find out correlation between the knowledge and their practice.
Methods: The investigator adopted a quantitative approach with a descriptive correlational research design. A purposive sampling technique was used for the sample selection. A pre-designed structured knowledge questionnaire and observational checklist on practice were developed and validated. Data was collected after getting ethical clearance and written consent from the participants. Collected data were analyzed using frequency and inferential statistics.
Results: Finding shows that 85% (34) of the sample had average knowledge, 12.5% (5) had good knowledge and 2.5% (1) had poor knowledge regarding immediate newborn care. The majority 95% (38) had satisfactory practice and 5% (2) had unsatisfactory practice. Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient was found to be r=0.462, which indicates a moderately positive correlation between knowledge and practice of students regarding immediate newborn care. There is an association between knowledge and practice with religion (p<0.05), whereas, there is no association between knowledge and practice with other demographic variables. The study concluded that majority of the samples are having average knowledge and practice satisfactorily. The findings necessitate a need to further improve the cognitive level of the student and to attain good knowledge and 100% satisfactory practice. As nurses, we play a vital role in providing competent care to newborns; so, the enhancement of both knowledge and practice regarding immediate newborn care is important in any form.
Curie Tali, Arkierupaia Shadap, Binita Khati. Knowledge and practice of immediate newborn care among student nurses in labour room of selected hospital, Sikkim. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2022;4(1):15-18. DOI: 10.33545/26641658.2022.v4.i1a.92