Effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on hypertension among women at a selected community
Beautily V and Lakshmi P
Deep breathing exercise means to take a large amount of the lungs and exhale it out. It is done by contracting the diaphragm. Hypertension is a condition that is, increased blood pressure in which the force of blood against the artery walls will be too high. The normal blood pressure is 120/80mmhg and blood pressure in hypertension is above 140/90mmhg.The study aims to assess the effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on hypertension among at a selected community. A quantitative research approach pre experimental pretest, posttest design was conducted among 60 hypertensive women. Convenient sampling technique was used to select samples. Self structured questions was used to collect the data and effectiveness of breathing exercise. Pretest was conducted assess the level of hypertension among hypertensive women followed by deep breathing exercise. After 7 days post test was conducted. The study findings revealed that after the administration of deep breathing exercise there is a significant difference between pretest and posttest among hypertension women and hypothesis was accepted. The calculated paired ‘t’ test value of t= 4.862 was found to be satisfically highly significant at p<0.001. The pretest, 33(55%) had Stage I hypertension, 24(40%) had pre-hypertension and 395%) were normal. Whereas in the post test, 26(43.3%) had pre-hypertension, 19(31.7%) had Stage I hypertension and 15(25%) were normal.