International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part A
Tuberculosis, a preventable pandemic through sensitization programme
Shiv Shankar Tyagi
The focus of India's tuberculosis control measure has shifted to improving education, understanding symptoms, eliminating transmission, and trying to influence healthcare seeking behavior among both tuberculosis patients and the general public. Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide, and drug-resistant strains pose a significant threat to global health security. Sensitization programmes regarding Tuberculosis Disease, Early Detection, Vaccination, Screening, Treatment Compliance, Cough Etiquette & Disposal of Sputum, National Health Programmes, Nutrition, Home & Environment Control can create patient awareness of tuberculosis can promote infection prevention and treatment adherence. Tuberculosis can be reduced by using measures like protecting one's mouth while coughing or sneezing and safely dispose of sputum. Besides that, appropriate sputum disposal will dramatically reduce disease transmission. In tuberculosis patients, knowledge and understanding of touch sensitivity to droplet infection is understood to influence their behavior and assess the frequency and level of transmission in their contacts. Early diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis patients and treatment with a complete course of anti-tuberculosis medications are important for TB management. As a result, any reported TB symptomatics with a cough lasting more than two weeks should be referred for TB assessment. Following that, proper treatment necessitates adherence to World Health Organization-recommended treatment guidelines as well as other relevant TB care requirements such as the International Standards for TB Care (ISTC) and the Standards for TB Care in India. Tuberculosis (TB) is still prevalent in many parts of the world, including India, and needs monitoring, clinical assessment, examination, touch tracking, proof of diagnosis, and treatment regimens that are either monitored or unsupervised for successful eradication.