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International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing

P-ISSN: 2664-1658, E-ISSN: 2664-1666, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.6
International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing
Printed Journal   |   Refereed Journal   |   Peer Reviewed Journal
International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part A
Effectiveness of bibliotherapy on self-esteem among adolescents

Ranjeet Kumar, Anuj Tiwari, Devendra, Nilam Kumari, Suman Lata and Tanima Verma

It is a component of the Self-concept that Rosenberg defines as a totality of individual thoughts and feelings, having reference to him as an object. Besides self-esteem, self-efficacy and self-identification are an important part of the Self-concept. Self-esteem as a whole is an unchanging feature of adults and it is difficult to be influenced by the experimental design of a study. Bibliotherapy uses literature to bring about a therapeutic interaction between the client and the therapist. The design used for this study was one group pretest post-test control group design. The study was conducted in Kargapaga Vinayaga Higher secondary school among adolescent of age group 12-19 years. Total sample selected were 60 in total 30 for experimental and 30 for control group. Sample selection was done by purposive sampling technique. Ken Williams modified self-esteem assessment questionnaire, was used to assess the level of self-esteem among adolescents. The study was conducted after the written permission of Kargapaga Vinayaga Higher secondary school and approval of ethical committee of R. L. College of Nursing. Regarding monthly family income majority 4 (13.33%) were earning below rs.3000, 3 (10.00%) were earning rs. 3001-5000 6 (20.00%) were earning Rs.5001- Rs.7000, 5 (16.67%) were earning Rs.7001-Rs.9000, 12 (40.00%) were earning more than Rs.9001 respectively. Regarding order of birth majority 10 (33.33%) were belongs to first order of birth 14 (46.67%) were belongs to second order of birth, 6 (20.00%) were belongs to third order of birth, and 0 (0.00%) were belongs to more than three order of birth respectively. The investigator concluded that experimental adolescents had the self-esteem level as 14 (46.67%) had low self-esteem, 16 (53.3%) had moderate self-esteem and 0 (0%) had high self-esteem. In control group 6 (20.0%) had low self-esteem, 24 (80.0%) had moderate self-esteem and (0%) had high self-esteem.
The results of the study suggested that among the adolescent 10 (20%) had low self-esteem 29 (55%) had moderate self-esteem and 11 (22%) had low self-esteem.
The investigator concluded that experimental adolescents had the self-esteem level, 0 (0%) had low self-esteem, 1 (3.33%) had moderate self-esteem and (96.67%) had high self-esteem. in control group 6 (20.0%) had low self-esteem, 24 (80.0%) had moderate self-esteem and 0 (0%) had high self-esteem. These findings was supported by Varun Raj (2009) who conducted a study to assess the effectiveness of bibliotherapy on self-esteem among 60 adolescents the results revealed that the bibliotherapy was effective. These findings was supported by Jegatheesan (1996) who conducted a study to identify the efficacy of bibliotherapy for mildly and moderate self-esteem adolescents. Cognitive and behavioural bibliotherapy were non-differently efficacious, 60 percent subjects demonstrated clinically significant changes. The pre-test mean value of self-esteem was 28.06 with S.D 5.05 and the post-test mean value of self-esteem was 67.06 with S.D 6.88. This clearly shows that the administration of bibliotherapy on self-esteem among adolescents had significant improvement in their post-test level of self-esteem among adolescents. The pre-test mean value of self-esteem was 30.13 with S.D 2.67 and the post-test mean value of self-esteem was 30.23 with S.D 2.62. The calculated SDLUHGµW¶ value of t = 1.795 was not found to be statistically significant. This clearly shows that there was no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test self-esteem score among adolescents in the control group.
Pages : 24-27 | 190 Views | 99 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Ranjeet Kumar, Anuj Tiwari, Devendra, Nilam Kumari, Suman Lata, Tanima Verma. Effectiveness of bibliotherapy on self-esteem among adolescents. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2021;3(1):24-27.
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