International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Women empowerment on family planning among schedule caste women in selected rural communities, Sonitpur district, Assam
Dr. Geeta Das
Background: Around the world, women play a vital role in providing for families, sustaining communities and managing natural resources. Yet, many of them lack the means to improve lives and shape the planet’s future. Empowering women through better education, economic opportunity and healthcare – including family planning – is pivotal to world progress, with far-reaching benefits for families, communities and the planet. In the 1990s, the integration of women’s reproductive health and rights into the delivery of family planning services gained importance. A woman who can choose from easily accessible, widely available contraceptive methods to control when and how many children she has could be better poised to take on roles outside the domestic sphere. Having such control may also lead to less stringent gendered roles and norms within households.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess women empowerment on family planning among schedule caste (SC) women in selected rural communities.
Objectives: 1. To assess the Women Empowerment of Schedule Caste Women on Family Planning 2. To determine the association between Women Empowerment and selected socio- demographic variables.
Methodology: A descriptive study was undertaken in rural communities among 500 SC women, selected by non-probability convenient sampling technique. The tool used for data collection was structured interview schedule that comprises of 15 demographic data and 15 items on women empowerment. The technique adopted for data collection was interview. Data gathered was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The findings of assessment of women empowerment revealed that, majority (78 percent) respondents had medium empowerment, 16 percent respondents had high empowerment and 6 percent participants had low empowerment on family planning. Women empowerment of SC women was found significantly associated with majority of the selected demographic variables.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the SC women were moderately empowered on family planning. Also, there exists a significant association of women empowerment of schedule caste women on family planning with majority of the selected socio-demographic variables.