A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme (STP) on knowledge regarding prevention and early detection of poly cystic ovarian disease among adolescent girl
Adolescence is one of the most fascinating and complex transitions in the life span: a time of accelerated growth and change, second only to infancy; a time of expanding horizons, self-discovery, and emerging independence; a time of metamorphosis from childhood to adulthood. As a growing adolescent, problem related to Puberty is the main stress for both girls and boys. In adolescent girls, menstruation is a natural phenomenon gifted by god, it starts when a girl attain puberty. Now a days Menstrual disorders (58.06%) are found to be the commonest gynaecological problem in adolescents and are not corrected due to lack of knowledge and awareness of the complications that early menstrual disorders causes. Polycystic ovarian disease is a complex, heterogeneous and one of the most common female endocrine disorder. Polycystic ovarian disease occurs when the ovaries don’t make enough hormones for the eggs to mature. Instead of releasing a mature egg during ovulation, some of the follicles in the ovaries turn into fluid-filled sacs called cysts. It affects about 5-10% of the chid bearing age (20-40years) and produces symptoms and is thought to be one of the leading causes of infertility. Polycystic ovarian disease has a wide spectrum of consequences in adolescent girls and thus needed to be treated completely and as soon as possible. Polycystic ovarian disease is more common in adolescent age group where the patients will be suffering from abnormal bleeding as a result of anovulation within one year of menarche. Polycystic ovarian disease may have its origin already in fetal life, but becomes clinically manifest during adolescence with maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Aim and objectives: the present study was aim to Assess the knowledge regarding prevention and early detection of Polycystic ovarian disease among adolescent girls of rural areas. Method and material: the study was designed to be a quasi-experimental which was conducted in Novel high school located in Kottigepalya, Bangalore during the period of 1st February to 28 February 2017. About 50 adolescent visited during the study period. Result: during over the all the period of study Among 50 adolescent girls, 24% had inadequate level of knowledge in relation to prevention and early detection of poly cystic ovarian disease (PCOD), 34% had moderate level of knowledge and 42% had adequate level of knowledge regarding prevention and early detection of POLY CYSTIC ovarian disease (PCOD). The knowledge score in the pre-test (16) with minimum score and maximum of 33 (mean score was 25.88 and standard deviation of 3.47). In the post-test (44) with minimum score and maximum being 53 (the mean score was 49.28 and standard deviation was 1.76). The comparison of mean pre and post-test knowledge scores showed significant difference at P<0.01 level (t = 42.18) which indicates that structured teaching programme on prevention and early detection of polycystic ovarian disease effective.
Sanghamitra Mohanty. A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme (STP) on knowledge regarding prevention and early detection of poly cystic ovarian disease among adolescent girl. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2020;2(1):22-24.