Effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding dental fluorosis
Vivek Nehra, Swamy PGN, Ravindra HN and Ruhi Varghese
Introduction: Dental fluorosis remains one of the commonest disorders affecting the teeth, starting right from the early age. Hence the importance of preventing dental fluorosis is at the school age level. To a certain extent (as per WHO; 0.6 ppm) fluoride ingestion is useful for bone and teeth development, but excessive ingestion causes a disease known as Fluorosis.The greatest concern in dental fluorosis is aesthetic changes in the permanent dentition (the adult teeth). These changes are prone to occur in children who are excessively exposed to fluoride between 20 and 30 months of age. The critical period of exposure is between 1 and 4 years old, and the child is no longer at risk after 8 years of age. The severity of dental fluorosis depends on the amount of fluoride exposure, the age of the child, individual response, and weight, degree of physical activity, nutrition, and bone growth.
Objective: The study aimed at assessing the pre test level of knowledge among parents of primary school children regarding dental fluorosis, to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on dental fluorosis among parents, to associate pre test & post test knowledge scores parents of primary school children with their socio demographic variables such as age, gender, occupation, qualification of parents.
Method: A one group pre-test post-test pre-experimental approach was adopted. The study was conducted among 60 parents of primary school children conveniently selected from the village of Vadodara district. The content validity of the tool and teaching plan was established. Reliability of the tool was tested by split half technique using Karl Pearson’s co-efficient of correlation and interrater reliability.
Result: It was found that the impact of the health awareness programme in terms of increase in knowledge score of parents of primary school children was 5.78% whereas increase in skill of was found to be 14.18%.
Conclusion: There is a need for a re-education and knowledge about dental fluorosis for the parents of primary school children.