Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome among reproductive females in Padgampora village of Pulwama, J&K, India
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a problem with hormones that affects women during their child bearing years (ages 15-44). 2.2 to 26.7 % of women in this age group have PCOS. It affects a woman’s ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone-hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries also produce a small amount of male hormones called androgens. WHO estimates that PCOS has affected 116 million women (3.4%) worldwide in 2012.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of PCOS among reproductive females in Padgampora Village of District Pulwama, J&K.
Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in Padgampora Village of District Pulwama, J&K by Purposive Sampling technique & Sample size was 40 reproductive females. Participants who were willing to participate in the study, available at the time of data collection & between age group of 15-45 years were included in study. An informed consent was obtained from the subjects. The data was compiled for Descriptive Statistical tests.
Results: Most of the females (42.5%) with PCOS were in the age group of 15 - 25years. Clinical manifestations viz; Irregular cycle (47.5%), Hirsutism (27.5%), Acne (32.5%), Obesity (52.5%), Alopecia (7.5%), Infertility (5%), depression (17.5%) were seen in the study subjects.
Conclusion: Awareness to the general community especially younger females regarding the PCOS, early diagnosis and its prevention will reduce the long term health complications associated with PCOS.