Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome among reproductive females in Padgampora village of Pulwama, J&K, India
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a problem with hormones that affects women during their child bearing years (ages 15-44). 2.2 to 26.7 % of women in this age group have PCOS. It affects a woman’s ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone-hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries also produce a small amount of male hormones called androgens. WHO estimates that PCOS has affected 116 million women (3.4%) worldwide in 2012.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of PCOS among reproductive females in Padgampora Village of District Pulwama, J&K.
Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in Padgampora Village of District Pulwama, J&K by Purposive Sampling technique & Sample size was 40 reproductive females. Participants who were willing to participate in the study, available at the time of data collection & between age group of 15-45 years were included in study. An informed consent was obtained from the subjects. The data was compiled for Descriptive Statistical tests.
Results: Most of the females (42.5%) with PCOS were in the age group of 15 - 25years. Clinical manifestations viz; Irregular cycle (47.5%), Hirsutism (27.5%), Acne (32.5%), Obesity (52.5%), Alopecia (7.5%), Infertility (5%), depression (17.5%) were seen in the study subjects.
Conclusion: Awareness to the general community especially younger females regarding the PCOS, early diagnosis and its prevention will reduce the long term health complications associated with PCOS.
Roohi Jan. Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome among reproductive females in Padgampora village of Pulwama, J&K, India. Int J Adv Res Community Health Nurs 2019;1(2):25-27. DOI: 10.33545/26641658.2019.v1.i2a.16